ALL About Karwar and Uttarakannada District
Information Provided Courtesy :

Sri  Y. Sadashiv
B.A , Dip Tel, K. A. S (S G)
CEO Z.P BIDAR  & Deputy Commisioner (Retd)
Ex. INDIAN ARMY  "CORPS OF SIGNALS"
War Veteran Indo-Pak 1965 & Indo Pak 1971
Business Counselor United Nations Development Programme
Vice Patron Indian Red Cross Society
President`s Silver Medal during CENSUS 1991
email: ysadashiv@ekarwar.com

 

1.1 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND:

Uttara Kannada District was initially under Madras Presidency and subsequently came under Bombay Presidency. After Independence and till 1956 the District was in Maharashtra State and after States reorganisation, merged into Karnataka.

The cultural pattern of the people has thus been influenced both by Maharashtra and Northern Karnataka. The languages spoken in this District are Kannada & Konkani. Goa being the border State, portugal culture has also influenced the District.


There are about 5836 Tiny/Small Scale Industries registered with the Directorate of Industries & Commerce with an investment of Rs. 11,473.26 lakhs. Employment provided by these units is to the tune of 33,988 persons. The major products of these units are Roofing Tiles, Coir products, Jewelry , Food products, Wood & Steel Furniture, Glass & Ceram.ics, Sea Foods etc. Some of these SSI & Tiny Industries are providing Job Works, Components & Spares required for Large & Medium Scale Industries both within and out side the District.

Eight Large & Medium Scale Industries in the District are producing variety of products viz, Paper, Duplex Board, Caustic Soda, Ferro Alloys, Transmission Gears, Food Concentrate , Herbal Medicines & Pharmaceuticals. The Specialty of Large & Medium Industries in our District are not posing threat to the existing SSI Units of the District, on the other hand they are complementary.

The future industrial growth of Uttara Kannada District is bright owing to the Sea Bird Project at Karwar & due to the Large Investment likely to take place on Tadri Port and also the proposed Railway line between Ankola & Hubli.

It is the thinking of the Government to remove regional imbalance in development of Industries throughout the state. This document indicates long term exploitable potential based on market demand, natural resources, human resources, existing and planned infrastructure.

To plan the future, we should know the present status of our District in terms of availability of resources and present infrastructure. The data were collected 'from various department and organisations. It is hoped that this perspective plan will help planners, investors, Govt. & non Govt. organisations and financial institutions to take decisions on industrial development.

2. SALIENT FEATURES OF THE DISTRICT:


2.1 ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS:
For the purpose of administration, the district has been divided into
four Sub-Divisions viz Karwar Sub-Division comprising Karwar, Haliyal & Joida
Talukas, Kumta Sub-Division comprising Kumta & Ankola Talukas, Sirsi
Sub-Division comprising of Sirisi,Siddapur,Yellapur & Mundgod Talukas and Bhatkal
Sub-Division comprising Bhatkal & Honnavar Talukas.

2.2 GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION:

Uttara Kannada District, lies between 130 55' and 150 31' north latitude and 74" 9'
units and 750 10' East longitude.

a) The Malnad Region consisting of 4 Taluks of Joida,Yellapur, Sirsi, Siddapur which is a land of Mountains and Forests. The elevation in this region ranges 3.5 from sea level to 2900 ft. On an average elevation 2200 ft. from MSL.
b) The Coastal region consisting of 5 Talukas of Karwar, Ankola, Kumta, Honnavar & Bhatkal with its Coastal Bait of about 144 K.M. This Coastal Area is a fairly level plain, 5 to 10 miles in breadth and mainly consisting of rice fields, coconut gardens and estuaries (Brackish Water).

As it approaches the ghats, it breaks up into small thickly wooded hills and valleys. The ghats are covered with dense forest. In the east of Sahyadri crest stretches, a wooded upland 1500'to 2000'above MSL. Mundgod & Haliyal Talukas 3. fall in the up-ghat.

2.3 SOIL

The soil of this district is mostly derived from lateritic and trap formations. In the, ghat regions lateritic soil at the base is covered by shades and mixed with humus @ of the forest and has formed a soft type of soil known as Kagadaii soil which is rich i in mineral contents and plant nutrients. In the coastal plain along with sea coast,' the soil is sandy and in number of places mixed with the river alluvia. The low lying marshy lands of the coastal plains are popularly known as Khariands or Gaznis 3. contain clay mixed humus and support salt resistant paddy. If the lateritic soil predominates in the Taluks of Honnavar, Kumta, Bhatkal, Siddapur and Part of Joida, in Karwar and Ankola one can sea leteritic soil mixed with gravelly soil derived from granites and sandy soil. Red loan derived from laterite and traps are noticed in Mundgod, Haliyal and Joida Talukas. Patches of alluvial soil are also found in these, Talukas. The Organic content of the soil is high in uplands. The soil in general is found to be acidic, rich in nitrogen, deficient in phosphorous with a low medium potassium content.

2.4 Rivers:

Uttara Kannada is the land of rivers. There are five important rivers flowing in the District from the high range of mountains to the Arabian Sea. The Kali Nadi rises in Joida Taluk, the Gangavali rises in Dharwad District flows through Ankola Taluk. The Aghanashini rises near Sirsi, Sharavati which forms the famous Jog Falls flows through Honnavar .

The other important rivers of the District are the Venktapur and the Varada. Except Varada river which flows eastwards all other rivers flow from East to West, cutting the Western ghats into deep Valleys, thus rendering themselves unfit for irrigation, but at the same time fit for generating hydroelectric power.


2.5 COASTAL AREAS

Uttara Kannada District as already mentioned, has a coastal line of 144 K.Ms. extending from Majaii on the north to Gorte in Bhatkal Taluka on south and is endowed with natural resources. The District has 14 minor ports. The national Highway No.17 passes along the coastal areas in this district, facilitating good communication and transport.

2.6 FOREST AREAS

Uttara Kannada District has Forests covering 80 % of the total geographical area. Major forest in Uttara Kannada District is concentrated in Joida, Yellapur, Sirsi and Ankola Taluks. These four talukas accounts for 57.02% of total area.

The district consists of five forest divisions namely i) Haliyal ii) Yellapur iii) Karwar
iv) Honnavar v) Sirsi .


2.7 CLIMATE & RAIN FALL

The climate of the different parts of the district varies greatly. It is generally humid, hot along the coast, cool in the ghat region, and warm and equable in the eastern upghat region. The climate of the entire district may be described as healthy.

The Malnad region is characterised by heavy rain fall in the southern parts,

varying from 3048 mm - 3556 mm and the northern transitional belt with

1016mm - 1524 mm of rain fall. The coastal plain receives an annual rain fall varying between 2540 mm - 3556 mm.

Seasonal Conditions:

The temperature of the district varies between 15 C' in winter to 34 C' in summer.

The year may divided in to Four Seasons 1) Summer from March to May has raising temperature with the maximum temp. of the year occurring in April or May. Humidity begins increasing from May onwards. 2) The South West monsoon from June to September lasts for four months from the beginning of June is characterized by overcast skies and heavy rain falls in the coastal region and malnad area. 3) October and November constitute the retreating monsoon or coast monsoon region. 4) The period from December to February is generally dry with clear bright sky, low humidity and agreeably low temp. There is very little rain fall in this season.

3. RESOURCES OF THE DISTRICT.

3.1 AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES

Agricultural sector continues to play a prominent role in the development of the economy of Uttara Kannada District. Nearly 80% of the total area is under forest. Paddy is the major crop in the district. Haliyal, Mundgod and Sirsi are predominantly cultivating paddy. The other important crops grown in the district are sugar cane and ground nut. The other minor crops cultivated are Ragi, Jower and Pulses. Approximate annual production of paddy is 182000 Tons, Sugarcane is 45000 Tons and Groundnut 4695 Tons.


The production of crops and area under cultivation is given Annexure-1.


3.2 HORTICULTURAL

In the Coastal belt Coconut, Arecanut, Cashew nut , Pepper, Betel, Banana, Mango, Pineapple, Sapota, Guava and Vegetables are the main cash crops. The main crops cultivated in mainad are Coconut, Arecanut , Cashew nut, Pepper , Cardamom and Fruit crops like Mango, Pineapple and all kinds of vegetables. Areca nut is the main cash crops.

In Semi-malnad the fruit crops like Mango, Sapota, Guava, Banana and Pineapple, all varieties of vegetables and subsidiary food crops like Potato, Tapioca, Elephant food-yam are the common Horticulture crops grown. In upghat taluks cocoa is also being grown. In addition to this spice crops like Cloves, Nutmeg, Cinnamon, Turmeric are also grown.

The average annual production of Arecanut is about 23400 Tons, Coconut about 3800 Tons, Banana 39000 Tons, Mango 10000 Tons , Pineapple 6500 Tons and Papaya 12000 Tons.

Horticultural Department is extending its activities in supply and services of all Horticultural Plants and seed materials of high yielding varieties under different schemes. Cardamom Development scheme is in operation in Sirsi, Siddapur and Yellapur Taluks. Vegetable development schemes, Plant protections scheme, Fruit development schemes, Commercial Flowers, Pepper expansion, Areca development, Coconut development, Cashew development sch-emes are in operation in the District.

Based on these Horticultural resources there is scope for promoting Industries like Banana Chips & Powder, Fruit bars, Juices, Squashes, Canning of Jack fruits, Coir products, Desiccated Coconut powder, Scented supari and Briquitted fuel etc., The details of the Horticulture crops grown is shown in Annexure - II.

3.3 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY:

Animal Husbandry is also playing a natural role to provide supporting activity required for farming. The 4 Taluks constituting mainad region viz. Siddapur, Sirsi, Joida and Yellapur have been considered as potential area for dairy development.

The poultry has become one of the major occupation in the district. Consumption of eggs and use of Broiler Chicken is substantially increasing due to the change in the dietary habits and increasing living standard. A balanced feed is more essential in maintaining the health of the birds and increasing their laying capacity. The consumption of Egg in the District is estimated about 2 lakhs and 50 Tons Chicken meet per day. The production is about 50% of the demand. There is a very good scope for poultry related activities.

The details of cattle, other animals and Veterinary Hospitals is shown in Annexure - 111.

3.4 FOREST RESOURCES -

Uttara Kannada District is rich in Forest Resources. 80% of the district is under Forest. The total area under forest is 8,15,202 Hectares. The vegetation consists of semi-ever green, Moist deciduous and dry deciduous types. The species in semi-ever green type are Cane, Benate, Hobbalsu, Gulma. The general species in moist deciduous are Teak, Sissum, Honne, Nandi, Mathi , Kindal, Holedasal, Toon, Burga, Jamba, Neval, Bamboot, etc.,

Timber is exploited and brought to Timber Depot and sold in auction. There are totally 29 Major and Minor depot in the District.

Over 60% of Uttar Kannada District is ideal natural zone of Dowga and Medri Bamboo because of sever biotic factor and grazing. Minor Forest produces which are used in manufacturing of medicinal and aromatic products are available in plenty.

Apart from Timber , the imp ortant minor produces with annual average extraction are shikakai about 115 Tons, Soap nut 80 Tons, Honey 26 Tons Cane about 2 Lakhs Nos. Bamboo 4 Lakhs Nos. , Cocom 150 Tons, And Cashew about 2000 Tons.


The Details of Forest resource available is shown in Annexure - IV.

3.5 FISHERIES RESOURCES:


Uttara Kannada District has a coastal line of 144 Km endowed with rich ma@ine resources. The fish are landed through Purse-seiners, Trawlers and other mechanised boats. The fish production plays a very important role in the district economy. There are 14- minor ports in the district. There are main 16 - fishing centres 5 fishing harbors in the district. Mackerels , Sardines, Prawns and other export potential fishes are found in abundance in sea. Shrimp culture has become a very good activity in the coastal area.


There are about 33 - Fisheries Co-op Societies in Uttara Kannada District. The fish are marketed both inside and outside district. About 10% are utilised for manure purposes, for coconut and other crops. No. of schemes for the development of fishing industry are in operation in the district. The Annual average fish catching in the District is 47800 Tones and inland fishing is about 79 Tones.

The details fish catching, fishing centres, and fisheries related industry is shown Annexure-V

3.6 MINERAL RESOURCES:

The area under the mineral resources covers all together an extent of about 5360
SQ.KM. The mineral found in the district are Iron Ore, Manganese Ore,
Asbestos Glass Sand, Kaolin, Lime Stone, Pyrites, Quartz, Building
Stones etc.,

IRON ORE:

Iron Ore are found at several places in the Honnavar, Ankola and Yellapur Taluks in the western half of the district. The total deposits in these area are more than 20 million tons of medium and high grade Ore. The main location iron deposits are sarkanda area (Honnavar Taluk) , Bisgod area (Yellapur Taluk), Kalche Area (Yellapur Taluk), Kumta area (Kumta Taluk) Bhatkal area (Bhatkal Taluk), Kodaigadde are (Yellapur Taluk), Kuntgani area (Ankola Taluk) etc.,

3.5 FISHERIES RESOURCES:


Uttara Kannada District has a coastal line of 144 Km endowed with rich ma@ine resources. The fish are landed through Purse-seiners, Trawlers and other mechanised boats. The fish production plays a very important role in the district economy. There are 14- minor ports in the district. There are main 16 - fishing centres 5 fishing harbors in the district. Mackerels , Sardines, Prawns and other export potential fishes are found in abundance in sea. Shrimp culture has become a very good activity in the coastal area.


There are about 33 - Fisheries Co-op Societies in Uttara Kannada District. The fish are marketed both inside and outside district. About 10% are utilised for manure purposes, for coconut and other crops. No. of schemes for the development of fishing industry are in operation in the district. The Annual average fish catching in the District is 47800 Tones and inland fishing is about 79 Tones.

The details fish catching, fishing centres, and fisheries related industry is shown Annexure-V

3.6 MINERAL RESOURCES:

The area under the mineral resources covers all together an extent of about 5360
SQ.KM. The mineral found in the district are Iron Ore, Manganese Ore,
Asbestos , Glass Sand, Kaolin, Lime Stone, Pyrites, Quartz, Building
Stones etc.,

IRON ORE:

Iron Ore are found at several places in the Honnavar, Ankola and Yellapur Taluks in the western half of the district. The total deposits in these area are more than 20 million tons of medium and high grade Ore. The main location iron deposits are sarkanda area (Honnavar Taluk) , Bisgod area (Yellapur Taluk), Kalche Area (Yellapur Taluk), Kumta area (Kumta Taluk) Bhatkal area (Bhatkal Taluk), Kodaigadde are (Yellapur Taluk), Kuntgani area (Ankola Taluk) etc.,

MANGANESE:

In the densely wooded region of Dandeli,Virnoli and Kulgi Manganese Ore occur as small lenticular bodies associated with leterite. Manganese bearing zone has been divided into three regions as under
Joida -Petha region about 170 sq miles in extent.
Yellapur region 020 sq miles
Sirsi, Kumta, & Ankola region 012 sg miles
Total 202 sg miles


In the district the total reserves may amount to 10 million tons of ore ranging in its
manganese contents from 30 -52 percent manganese of which about 4-5
million tons containing 35 % of Manganese and above are of workable grades.

BAUXITE:

Aluminious laterite is found about four miles south of Honnavar adjoining the Honnavar Bhatkal Road. An analysis of sample of the material showed 35% A122 03. Alumnus latrite (bauxite) containing more than 50% alumina and low percentage of silica is found to occur in a reddish brown laterite covering an area of about 2 sq miles at Mundalli and Talgod Villages near Bhatkal.


CLAY:

In this district deposits of China clay (Kaolin) is reported to be available at the following places.

Castle Rock, Kungini and N.W. of Joida of Joida Taluk. Kodemane
Kumta.
Venkatapur & Bhatkal of Bhatkal Taluk.
Haddinbal Village Honnavar Taluk.
Varunkeri.


LIME STONE:

Limestone of varying extent and ranging in composition from high calcium to dolomite types are found in the Joida, Yellapur and Kumta taluks. A bed of kankary limestone occurs as thick capping on the flank of hill about two miles to the N.W. of Vadekuli Village in Yellapur Taluk. This deposit is in a deep valley. This is reported to be in good quality having 49-54% CaO with no silica.

BEACH SAND ( GLASS SAND)

Fine to medium white silica sand occurs in the Malki land below 2 feet of surface sandy soil at distance of about a furlong east of the sea-shore near Bengre and close to the sea at Karikallu in Bhatkal Taluk and one mile west of Haladipur Honnavar Taluk. An analysis of these samples shown 98.26 % SiO2.

BUILDING STONES

Granite Stones are quarried at some of the places in the granite regions for using as building stones and laterite in the regions where it found is cut into the shape of large sized bricks for building purposes.

The details pertaining to the production of mineral resources available in the district is shown in Annexure - VI.

 

3.7 HUMAN RESOURCE

a) Population

As per 1991 census the population of Uttar Kannada District is 12.20 Lakhs comprising of 6.20 Lakhs males and 6.00 Lakhs females. Of the total population about 9.25 Lakh people are living in rural areas and about 2.95 Lakh people are living in urban area. Density of population is 119 persons per sq.km. The percentage of literate persons is 67, male literacy is 76% and female literacy is 57%. A study of the occupational pattern shows that 2.09 % of the total population is engaged in industrial activities. Occupational pattern of workforce is shown in Annexure - Vil.

b) Unemployed youth:-

The main reason for the industrial backwardness of U.K. District is lack of entrepreneurship among the people. The details of Unemployed educated particulars is shown in Annexure viii.

c)Artisans:-
There are 17278 Artisans in the District. The major categories of the Artisan in the District are found in coir, carpentry, cane and bamboo, blacksmiths and Jewellery. The important talukas where concentration of Artisans is found are Karwar, Sirsi, Kumta, Haliyal and Mundgod. Sandalwood Artisans of Kumta and Sirsi are well known for carving work. Karwar is known for excellent Jewellary work where Jewellary is being exported.
The details of Artisans is given in Annexure ix.

3.8 Apiculture:-

Environment of Uttar Kannada District is suited for promotion of Apiculture. Madhuvan, Bilagi, Taluk Siddapur is an Apiary Centre in the District. At present there are about 1633 Bee-keepers. Production of honey is between 10000 to 14000 Kgs. Ankola Bee-keepers Co-op. Society, Sirsi Bee-keepers Co-op. Society, Honavar Bee-keepers Co-op. Society and Lamps Society, Bhat a are engaged in the collection of honey and supply of bee boxes. Following are the places where the Bee colonies are available.

1. Ankola Bee-keepers Co-op. Society, Ankola.
2. Sri, Dharmendra Hegde, Prop: Bhargava Bee Nursery Centre, Mashigadde, Sirsi.
3. Sri Venkatraman Bhat, Simbalgar, Yellapur.

4. Sri Rajram Hegde, Prop: Sangeetha Bee Nursery Centre, Siddapur.

5. Sri Prashnatha R. Bhat, Achave, Taluk: Ankola.

5. SOCIO ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE DISTRICT.

The human resources available in the district not only provides labour force for under taking economic activities but also serves as a market for the industrial produce. Since about 144 Kms of the Arabian sea coast borders Uttara Kannada District, fisheries has been the mainstay of the district economy. Development of Tadri Port and Railway Line connecting Ankola & Hubli will help in total economic development of the District.

 

4.1 ROADS AND TRANSPORT

The west coast Highway N.H.-17 runs through the district covering a total length of 162 KM. from Bhatkal to Majaii. The total length of roads including National Highway, State Highway, roads in charge of PWD , Village roads is 7975 KM. The communication roads in the rural areas and coastal areas are extensively damaged during rainy season. The length of National Highway is 238 KM and State Highway is 741 KM.

4.2 RAILWAYS.

Konkan Railway line passes through the coastal belt connecting important villages and Taluk Head quarters. Apart from this Railway Line about 46 KM connecting Dandeli to Ainavar on the Puna Bangalore section of South Central Railway and a line from Londa to Castlerock in Joida Taluka. Total Railway track is 179 KM with fifteen No. Railway Stations.

4.3 PORTS AND AIR PORTS.

14 Minor and Small ports of which Karwar, Belekeri, Bhatkal and Honnavar are very important as they provide good potential for the development of trade and Industries particularly Marine Based Industries.

The Karwar port being one of the best natural harbours, is being upgraded under Port Development Project and on its completion will offer better and increased berthing and docking facilities to large sea faring vessels. The port has considerable potential for the movement of the container cargo as it i!§ found to be logistically viable. The state Govt. has decided to start container handling facility at the port. The port has handled total import and export of 2.22 lakh tonnes and 2.37 lakh tonnes of cargo during 1999-2000 respectively. The port has earned a revenue of Rs. 251.25 lakh in 1999-2000. The State Govt. has earmarked Rs. 85 crore towards expansion plans for the development of Karwar port into one of the modern minor port.

The information about Karwar Port is given in Annexure - X.

There is no Air Port in the District. Dabolium Air Port of Goa is about 95 K.M. away from Karwar.

4.4 TELECOMMUNICATION

lnformationTechnologyisstilitobepickedup inthedistrict. Thereare495Post Offices and 230 Telegraph Office. The number of Telephones in the district is 61809. Public STD Booths are 614. No. of Telephone Exchanges 120.

4.5 POWER.

Uttara Kannada is known for power generation. The district is blessed with good hydro power potential. The kali Hydro electric project is being developed in three stages to generate 1640 mw. Of power. Under the first stage installed capacity of 910mw, has been developed at a cost of Rs.460.47 crore. Kaiga Atomic Power Project with an installed capacity of 4 x 235 mw. is under implementation. In this Atomic Power Project Two generators of 235 mw. are in operation. Kadra Dam Power House is being developed in three stages to generate 1.50 mw. of power which is fully operational. Three more power projects have been proposed in the private sector in the district with a capacity of 160 mw. 14 towns and 2306 villages have been electrified in the district.

4.6 EDUCATION

There are 2162 Primary Schools, 234 High Schools, 28 Junior Colleges, 20 Colleges, 2 TCH Schools, 3 C. P. Ed. Schools, 13 Polytechnics, 6 ltis, One law College and One Engineering College in the District. Besides these there are 107 Libraries.

4.7 TOURISM.

Withaverylong unexploitedcoastallineandbeautifulbeaches, islandlushgreen forest and meadow, vivid and typical culture and a number of religious places, Uttara'Kannada District has a very High Potential for Tourism. The rivers of the District, Western Ghats and the Sands of the coast offer a lot of adventure to Tourist Resorts and Health Camps. Wild life safaris, Jungle Camps, Trekking Bird Watching and many more Adventure Activities can be taken up in the District.

There are 24 Hotels in the District approved by the Tourism Department. Most of

the Hotels are in the coastal Talukas and at Sirsi. Baison Resort near Ganeshgudi of Joida Taluk is approved by Toursim Department.

Some of the Tourist Interesting Places where the said activities and service type units have good scope is shown in Annexure -XI.


4.8 CREDIT FACILITIES AND FlNANCE.

The most important factor for setting up of any industry is provision of credit facilities. These facilities are provided by financial institutions. In Uttara Kannada District Commercial Bank Branches and Co-op Banks are spread all over the area. There are 137 Branches of Commercial Banks in the District. The lead bank of this district is Syndicate Bank. R.R.B. i.e Varada Grameen Bank is having 27 branches all over the district. K.S.F.C. is having its branch at Karwar. All the Taluks are having PCARD Banks. There are 5 Industrial Co-op Bank Branches in the district. KDCC Bank is having 43 branches and there are 12 Urban Co-op Bank branches in the District.

4.9 HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE

Health and family welfare is one of the important civic amenity for the public. There are 15 Govt. Hospitals, 56 Primary Health Centers, 19 Primary Health Units, Ill Private Hospitals and Nursing Homes and 244 Medical Shops in the district.

4.10 TRAINING INFRASTRUCTURE

· Artisan Training Institute Kumta
· Artisan Training Institute, Honnavar
· GTTC, Dandeli
· Coir Training cum production centers at Honnavar and Shedgeri of Coir Corporation..
· Training cum production center at Herwatta, Hiregutti, Gundbal & Honnavar of Coir Co-oprative Federation Ltd.,

SIRD [Syndicate Institute of Rural Develoi)ment)

Syndicate Institute of Rural Entrepreneurship Development promoted by Syndicate Rural Development Trust of Syndicate Bank. Training is residential and intake capacity is 30-40 members. The services of this training Centre is utilised to train P.M.R.Y., S.H.Gs and for entrepreneurship development programs.

.1 I MARKETING AGENCIES

a. Karnataka Small Industries Marketing Corporation, Karwar Branch.
b. District Supply & Marketing Society of U.K. District, Karwar.
c. Four specialised and nine General purpose Marketing Societies.

4.12Godown facilities:

APMC Sirsi has 69 Godowns.Four Godowns of 200 MT capacity at Sirsi are vacant. APMC Kumta is having four Godowns at Kumta and one at Katgal, One Godown of 150 MT capacity at Kumta is vacant. TAPCMS of Kumta, Honnavar, Sirsi, Siddapur, Yellapur, Mundgod, Hallyal, Joida, Ankola,Bhatkal are having about 59 Godowns in the rural areas which are in use for storage of fertiliser and mainly areca crop.

Common Work sheds constructed under Vishwa at Hadva & Shedgeri ar occupied and Belse and Agrogon of Ankola Taluka are vacant. In Kumta Taluka one at Manaki & Two at Hegde are occupied and one at Mirjan is vacant. Honnavar Taluk one work shed at Kulgod is occupied. In Hallyal Taluk one a Jatga and Sambrani Village are occupied and one at Kerwad is vacant.


4.13CRAFT COMPLEXES

a. Sandalwood craft Complexes:

Karnataka State Handicrafts Development Corporation has establish Sandalwood Craft Complexes at Sirsi & Kumta for the development Sandalwood Artisans.

Lidkar Leather Craft Complex, Sirsi.

Karnataka State Leather Industries development corporation has establishe leather craft complex at Sirsi for the benefit of leather artisans

4.14. R & D Centres:

The services of the following institute can be utilised for Fish Industry

a. Central Marine Fishries Centre, Baithkol, Karwar.
b. Marine Bio-Technology Department, Kodibag,Karwar.

4.15 INDUSTRIAL AREA & INDUSTRIAL ESTATES
INDUSTRIAL AREA

There is one Industrial Area at Shirwad Karwar. It was established during the yearl991.Totalareals35acras. KIADBhasdeveloped5Oplots. Alithe5Oplots have been allotted. 30 units are working. No plot or land is available for further allotment.

INDUSTRIAL ESTATE.

In Uttara Kannada there are eight Industrial Estates. Land is available at Ramanagar, Yellapur and Haliyal Industrial Estates. The details of the Industrial Estates is given in Annexure: XV

INDUSTRIAL AREA AND INDUSTRIAL ESTATES PROPOSED.

One Industrial Area at Karwar and six Industrial Estate in other places have been started long ago. In view of the recent developments like Konkan Railway, Sea-Bird and Other Mega Project, there are demands for New Industrial Estate in the following places.

Karwar: 200 Acres of land has been identified by KIADB In Mudgeri Vilage and about 400 Acres at Tadari

Ankola: 100 Acres in Hattikeri for industrial estate. 200 Acres of land near Agsur for a Trauck Terminal and Medium Industries.

Honnavar: 100 Acres of land for Industrial Area near Kasarkod.

Siddapur: 100 Acres of land in Hosur Village for Industrial Estate.

Mundgod: 100 Acres of land near Mundgod for Industial Estate.

4.16 N.G.Os WORKING IN THE DISTRICT

Non Governmental Organisations are playing important role in the development. Motivation, Training and educating the people can be easily done with the help of N.G.0s. Following are the N.G.0s. working in the District.

Loyala Vikas Kendra,Mundgod - 581 349.

Pragathi Vanita Samaj At Post: Kanagil, Tq:Ankola.
Yard,Havagi, Tal-Haliyal.
Pushpa Nilaya,Behind Gibb High School,Kumta- 581 343.
Sneha Kunja,Kasarkod, Tq: Honnavar.
Siddhi Vikas Kendra,Kirvathi,Tal:Yellapur.
Sparsha Salaha Kendra,Kajubag,Karwar- 581 301.
MYRADA Kalaswada,Nandangadda,Karwar- 581 301.
BAIF Institute of Rural Development,Dasankoppa- 581 358 Tq.Sirsi.
Rural Education & Environment Development Services (REEDS) MUDASALI, Tq. Mundgod -581 349.
Jana Sikshna Samsthan Dhobighat Road,Karwar - 581 301. Holy Cross Social Service Society,Mainally Post, Tq:Mundgod.


4.17 DOORDARSHAN / ALL INDIA RADIO

At present there is a relay centre of 100 Watts capacity at Karwar. All India Radio has set up F.M. Transmission Station at Karwar. These media is being used by D.I.C. to create awareness among entrepreneurs.

4.18 WATER SUPPLY:

Since the District receives good rain fall, availability of ground water is goo and five important rivers are flowing through the District, there is no dearth o water for industrial development in the District. At present the requirement o water for Karwar & Ankola Town is being met by water pumping plant set at Agasu by K.U.W.S. & S.Board.


5. PRESENT INDUSTRIA 10 OF TH

5.1 MEDIUM AND LARGE SCALE INDUSTRIES.

The abundant availability of Forest products, Mineral resources, Fruits and Medicinal Plants has attracted several large investors to go in for Large & Medium Industries. The West Coast Paper Mill at Dandeli of Haliyal Taluk which uses Bamboo in large quantity produces Paper & Paper Boards of export quality. West Coast Paper Mill with an investment of Rs. 16100.00 lakhs has not only provided employment to 2081 persons but also generated several types of jobs in service sector.

Ballarpur lndusries Binga-Karwar in addition to its major product Caustic Soda produce Chlorine & Phosphoric Acid. This unit is popularly known as Bilt is having investment of Rs. 2600.00 lakhs providing jobs for 694 persons is also responsible for the promotion and support for Automobile Industries and Engineering Industries.

Dandeli Ferro Alloys whose main raw material is manganese is manufacturing good quality Ferro Alloys. The western fruit vegetables Banavasi Sirsi with an investment of Rs. 350.00 lakhs has employed nearly 100 persons. The units is manufacturing Fruit Concentrates and Pulps. Although their consumption is substantial but still lot of surplus horticulture products are available for projects likely to come in the near future. There is no dearth for the medicinal plant in the District. Though there are several Tiny Industrial units processing medicinal plant, The Ganya Chemical Agasur, Ankola project with an investment Rs. 244.00 lakhs is engaged in the production of several Herbal Medicines having huge demand in local market.

Medium & Large Scale Industries:

Units No. of Units 8
Investment Rs. in lakhs) 42384
Employment Nos. 4496

The profile of Medium and Large Scale Industries is furnished in the
Annexure Xii.


5.2 ANALYSI NITS

An Analysis of the Existing Industrial Scenario of the District will help us knowing the extent to which the District has developed industrially and the type of industries that are functioning.

An Analysis of Tiny and Small Scale Industrial units existing in our District shows that 5836 Tiny & Small Scale Industrial Units have been registered with an investment of Rs.11,473-26 lakhs providing employment opportunity to 33988 persons.


Food& Bevera es

Food Processing & Beverages Industry is major activity of the Distri are 1351 Tiny & SSI units of Food & Beverages with an investment ol lakhs providing employment to 8937 persons. Rice Mill, Phova Mil Processing, Soft Drinks & Ice cream units have not only provided en opportunities but also promoted several micro enterprises.

w ucts.

Dandeli Teak Wood and Yellapur Rose Wood which has strength and gra alignment not only commands huge demand within District but also out sid There are 722 Wood Based units with an investment of Rs. 1003 lakhs providin an employment to 3901 persons. Several Saw Mills, Furniture units have com up in the recent years so as to meet the growing demand for furnitur( Building materials, Boat making and Agricultural implements.

Printin & Stationer -

The increase in the literacy rate has not only helped the existing Note Bo Industries, Offset printing units but also provides scope for several units in t filed of printing & Stationery which are likely to come out to meet the growi demands within and out side. There are 149 Printing & Stationery units with; investment of Rs.577 lakhs providing an employment to 1049 persons. Two hai made paper manufacturing units at Sirsi & Gotegali of Karwar Taluka and o Compass Box manufacturing unit at Yellapur are included.

Glass & Ceramics

There are 201 Glass & Ceramic Tiny & SSI Units in the District with an investme of Rs. 1095 lakhs providing an employment to 2660 persons.

Uttara Kannada Tiles are known for their quality and reasonable price. Availability of suitable Clay , Fire Wood and hot climate helped these industries to invest nearly Rs. 900.00 lakhs and employing about 2600 persons. These industries needs modernisation and up gradation of their technologies. Stone crushing is also one of the predominant activity in the District ' Due to strict enforcement of environmental laws the prospect for new stone crushing units in the future is not encouraging.

Jewelry

Uttara Kannada District is known for renowned Gold & Silver Artisans. In Karwar Town it self there are about 1500 Goldsmith families engaged in production of Gold & Silver Ornaments. Since this Industry is Eco and environment friendly, for several centuries people are engaged in Jewelry Works. The change in the Global Market i.e the inflow of Gold will become free and availability of internet facilities has given the boost to this craft.

Service Units

There are 747 Tiny Units with an investment of Rs. 1001 lakhs providing an employment to 2853 persons which are engaged in Job work, Repaire & Servicing. There is a good scope for promotion of such units in all the Talukas.

Engineering & Fabrication

About 312 Tiny & SSI Units with an investment of Rs. 802 lakhs providing an employment to 2009 persons are Engineering & Fabrication Industries.

Category wise & Taluka wise existing Tiny/SSI units is given in Annexure- Xill

6. SEABIRD PROJECT AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT 0F INDUSTRIES..

INTRODUCTION

1. The pace of development of Karwar would be influenced in its totality by th Projects coming up in the vicinity of Karwar. While taking stock of th micro view of development the incremental factors can be better appreciated b accounting for each individual contributory area of a single Project for asses ing the scope of its contribution towards such development. Project Seabird b itsphased growth and wide scope will create greater impact in this are unlike other projects viz. Kaiga, Supa Dam etc.

2. The areas of development by the Project Seabird can be broadly categorise into Development of Industrial Infrastructure and Development of Huma Resources (by way of job opportunities both in corporate as well as se employment sectors due to enhanced demand for skills for ongoing industry an commercial expertise). These two aspects are described briefly in the followin paragraphs.


3. Industrial infrastructure: The requirement of industrial infrastructure for the Proje Seabird will manifest in the following spheres:-

a Construction.

b Workshop facilities
c Consumer durable /utilities.
d Articles of consumable naturelperishables such as food, beverages etc. e Services

4. Construction requirement: With the progressive induction of people, the fir and foremost requirement that will arise will be that of accommoda This accommodation will consist of both administrative/ office spa industrial/shop floor areas and living/ residential accommodation. for such construction activity are necessarily to be gathered from around Karwar so as to be cost effective and to be conforming to th Frame. Apart from enterprenuring in construction itself. Skilled const workrs and building materials will be in great demand.

5. Workshop facilities: When the first facilities are established by 2003 the target of basing 22 ships is being visualised which would in fact mean shore support in engineering, Electrical engineering, Electronics, forging and foundry, fabrication and manufacture of components and other engineering utilities would be required to set up. Many of these requirements will be allotted to the trade for speedy procurement and effective turn over. As such there will be demand for small work shops catering to these needs. Air-conditioning and refrigeration as also winding and electrical repair requirement would arise.

6. Consumable durable : With the number of inhabitants rising as shown in the time frame and number of uniformed people and other non-uniformed persons in the population will increase by way of coordinators, contractors, their field staff and other mobile equipment and engineering personal. This will create a demand for utilities and daily necessities as well as consumer durable to cater for the needs of the people.

7. Consumable articles/perishables such as food/beverages etc. : Taking into consideration the growth rate of population as per the visualised time frame there will be a requirement of food stuffs, viz. Vegetables, poultry, milk products and other ration items. This will register a very sharp rise by 2001.

B. The requirement of various items that may be needed examples of dry provisions, fresh provisions in respect of military people as also the engineering utilities and spares, general facilities needed with their range and scope to provide self employment opportunities.

9. Services: There would be requirements of services like laundry, motor/scooter repairs transportation, domestic heip, lodging. As the project progresses the scope of these services would expand considerably.

10. Potential for medium/large scale industries: The following are some specific areas where there is a potential for starting medium/large scale industries:-
a) An industrial gas unit to supply oxygen, acetylene, medical oxygen suitable for aircraft uses etc. Investment over Rs. 2 Crores.
b) A special marine parts, paints unit to meet the requirement of one lakh liters of paints which are currently being imported to a large extent-investment over Rs. 5 Crores.
c) A medium scale laundry unit-investment Rs. 2 Crores.
d) A medium scale forging unit-investment Rs. 2 Crores.
e) Repair facilities for Mechanical equipment-investment Rs. 50 lakhs to I Crore.
f) Repair facilities for electrical equipment- investment Rs. 50 lakhs to 1 Crore.
g) A fiber glass boat manufacturing unit- investment Rs. 2 Crores.
h) A unit to manufacture out board motors investment Rs. 3 Crores.
i) A unit to manufacture special safety equipment-investment Rs. 1 Crore.

j) There is a strong case for establishing a supp emen ary ry oc aci with dry dock also for repair of both Merchant Navy vessels and to supple the requirement of Naval Docks. The investment could be of the ord Rs. 30 to 50 crores. This project had been earlier approved by Minist Defence in 1981 and was supposed to have been put up with Chowgales i joint sector.

k) Since the Government of India is establishing its 3rd Naval Base in Karwa which is primarily meant to ease the congestion at Bombay, there is a stron base for Karnataka Government to claim the establishment of a large shipyar at Karwar to manufacture ocean going vessels primarily for Merchant Navy ( capacities of 60000 DWT vessels. This would load a massive investment of th order of Rs. 50 Crores or more.

1) A series of machine shops which can produce small components required fo the spares- investment in each of order of Rs. 50 lakhs each.
m) A series of fabrication shops to undertake fabrication-investment of order Rs. 50 lakhs each.

11. Potential for Small Scale Industries.: In addition to the foregoing Small Scal Industries for items shown below will have good scope for development wit demand increasing progressively.
They are :
i) Leather goods.
ii) Overalls/Uniforms
iii)Welding shoes
iv)Gloves
v)Welding goggles
vi)Welding shields
vii)Electric holders
viii)Cutting tools
ix) Sheet metal workshop
x)Fasteners etc.

12. Human resources development:- Human resources development will pertain providing training facilities, encouraging small scale and self employment schem and providing job opportunities for skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled labour. harnessing the labour force the first and foremost opening will be in t construction sphere which will immediately absorb skilled as well as un-skill labour. Skilled labour also will be required when the workshop will eventually co up. This requirement will embrace all the trades.

13. Training:- The emphasis will be towards building up training facilities which will relevant to the naval requirements and also to the requirement of the loc population. The Project will set up a Dock Yard Apprentice School which will trz up people in the relevant trades required for ship building, ship repair and s[ maintenance facilities.

8.THE DISTRICT`S STRENGTH:


The District has forests covering 80% of the total Geographical Area. Fores

Produces and Minor Forest Produces are available in plenty. Literacy rate is more than 60%.

The District has a coast line of 144 Kms.

Horticultural Products and Spices are grown and the growth rate is increasing year by year.

Uttara Kannada District is an ideal District for eco-friendly industries.
The District has number of Tourist, Picnic Spots and Beaches.
Konkan Railway, National Highway and Ports.

WEAKNESS.-

Non availability of land for Agriculture and other Development Activities. Lack of R & D facility in respect of utiiisation of forest produces and minor forest produces.

Lack of Active N.G.O. Groups to create strong entrepreneurship.

Latest Technology for processing of Fish & Other Marine products.
I.T. enabled services still to pick up.

Highly Qualified Personnel Prefer Jobs in Bombay/Goa.
Lack of infrastructure for promotion of Tourism.

OPPORTUNITIES.

· Scope for Food Based Industries.

· Development of Tourist Spots and Beaches for linking service activities.
· Use of Silica sand for industrial purpose.

· Processing of Shelf Lime and Salt based products.

· Agro Products, Medicinal Plants, Horticulture Products and Spices Processing.
· A strong Banking net work is available in the District.
· Average 105 days of raining in a year.
· Investors are scared of Environmental Laws.
. Air pollution and Water pollution may increase.
· Frequent changes in environmental laws.